On Monday night, India and China entered their first deadly conflict for the first time in 45 years. On the Indian side, 20 people, including a commander, were killed and possibly 43 injured, which is a record in bilateral relations between the two nuclear powers.
Date of stalemate of one week and subsequent clashes between India and China:
5-6 May: A violent clash between Indian and Chinese patrols on the northern shore of Lake Pangong Tso in Ladakh. Soldiers exchange blows, throw stones at each other and Chinese troops attack Indian soldiers with sticks and nails. Dozens of soldiers (from both sides) were wounded in a shooting with 250 people.
9. Mei: Tensions have spread to the eastern sector. Violent clash between Indian and Chinese soldiers in the Naku La region, north of Sikkima. Four Indian and seven Chinese soldiers were wounded in a firefight in which 150 soldiers were involved.
10. Mei: In an army statement confirming the Naku La confrontation, it was said that the aggressive behaviour of the soldiers had led to injuries on both sides. Army officers also confirmed the Pangong Tso collision.
12. Mei: There have been reports of increased tension in the Galwan Valley. In the statement, the army repeats that there are collisions and aggressive behaviour on the de facto Line of Control (LOC) with China because the border with China has not been resolved.
19. Mei: While tensions are escalating in Pangon Tso, Galwan Valley and hot springs, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs accuses Indian troops of violating Latin American and Caribbean borders and claims that Beijing should have taken the necessary countermeasures after the Indian side prevented routine patrols by Chinese troops.
21. Mei: India strongly rejects China’s claim that tensions in the Ladakh and Sikkim areas were caused by Indian troops. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs says that India’s action only hinders normal patrolling in India on the Indian side of Latin America and the Caribbean and China.
22. Mei: General Manoi Mukund Narawane, commander-in-chief of the army, provided the headquarters of the 14th Army. Corps makes a discreet visit to Leha to get an idea of the security situation in this sensitive area. Strength and military build-up on both sides.
25. Mei: Chinese marshals with almost 5000 men on their side of the disputed border in the sector Ladakh, where India has also sent military reinforcements.
27. Mei: Army chiefs discuss security issues, including the chase of the border with China in East Ladakh, where Indian and Chinese soldiers are involved in a number of collisions.
30. Mei: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that while India and China were communicating militarily and diplomatically to resolve the confrontation, he assured the country that the government would not allow the dignity of India to be compromised.
2. June: In the first official confirmation of the troop build-up along the border with China, Singh claims that there is a significant number of Chinese troops along the LAC and that the Indian army is adapting to the military movements of a neighbour.
6. June: In a rare meeting between senior military officers, Lieutenant General Harinder Singh, commander of the 14th Army School, discusses the role of the military. Corps in Leha and Major General Liu Lin, commander of the People’s Liberation Army in southern Xinjiang, presented a de-escalation plan.
9. June: Army officers say China has begun to withdraw its soldiers from three hotbeds in Latin America and the Caribbean, with India retaliating by withdrawing its troops who have been put in those pockets. A limited military retreat is said to have begun in the Galwan Valley near Patrol Post 15 and the hot springs.
10. June: Indian and Chinese delegations, led by officers of senior generals, are meeting at point 14 of the Galwan valley patrol as part of the ongoing efforts to resolve the confrontation, which has been somewhat weakened by the limited separation of forces in some of the hot spots in Latin America and the Caribbean. This is the fourth round of negotiations between two-star generals to break the deadlock.
12. June: This is the fifth time that a Major General Officers meet to discuss a de-escalation plan and to reduce the border tensions. The Chinese troops stationed in their deep areas throughout Latin America and the Caribbean include more than 8,000 soldiers, tanks, artillery, fighter bombers, missile troops and air defense radars.
13. June: The head of the army says that the separation of the Indian and Chinese armed forces is gradually taking place along the Latin American and Caribbean region with China, where the situation is under control.
15. June: The military delegations from India and China are back in talks. Discussions will take place at two points along the ALC — brigade officials will meet in the Galwan Valley and colonel officials at the Hot Springs. The meeting between both parties will take place on the same evening.