69 Top Coffee Producing Countries From A To Z (Angola To Zimbabwe)

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Top 69 Coffee Producing Countries: From Big Time Powerhouses To Small Lot Specialists, Meet The Nations That Produce The World's Best Coffee

There are a variety of articles rating the highest espresso producing international locations.

None are as full as this one.

This deep-dive into the world of espresso covers every thing about your favourite fruit from Angola (#50) to Zimbabwe (#61) and each different nation that produces espresso, massive or small:

  • Area of the world
  • Taste profile
  • Annual manufacturing
  • Espresso varieties grown
  • And a few attention-grabbing details about what makes every nation distinctive

Notice: Taste profiles for every nation beneath are generalized based mostly on the everyday beans grown in that nation, however ceaselessly there’s a ton of selection from crop to crop, area to area, and farm to farm inside the identical nation.

Desire a totally different have a look at this data? Take a look at our Interactive Espresso Map with a sortable desk and extra superior data multi function place.

interactive map of coffees around the worldOur Interactive Espresso Map is a good way to visualise world espresso manufacturing (with some bonus data not proven right here).

Let’s get began.

1. Brazil

Area South America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 5.7 billion lbs (29.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 74% Arabica, 26% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of brazil

Brazil produces practically 30% of the world’s espresso and virtually 60% greater than the subsequent closest nation. They’ve been the world chief for the final 150 years and have round 220,000 energetic espresso farms. Manufacturing primarily is alongside the southeastern coast of the nation with some Robusta crops thriving on the southwestern border.

A lot of Brazil’s espresso is decrease high quality and earmarked for fast espresso. This isn’t shocking, as producing this a lot sheer quantity requires some economies of scale and fewer consideration to element, resembling mass mechanical harvesting that ceaselessly picks unripe espresso cherries. And whereas espresso vegetation thrive in Brazil, the nation lacks mountainous volcanic rising areas, which have lengthy produced a number of the world’s highest-grade Arabica coffees.

2. Vietnam

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 3.6 billion lbs (18.6% world manufacturing)
Varieties 11% Arabica, 89% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of vietnam

Vietnam is an oft-overlooked espresso producer however surprisingly ranks second on the earth climbing from a 0.1% market share after the Vietnam Battle to a shocking 18.6% at the moment. The overwhelming majority of this espresso is commodity-grade Robusta used to supply immediate espresso or to create low-quality blends. Vietnam is extra of a tea-drinking nation, although a Vietnamese Iced Espresso is a decadent delight well worth the indulgence, making espresso a main export and money crop.

3. Colombia

Area South America
Profile Cola, cherry, orange, vanilla, chocolate
Manufacturing 1.Eight billion lbs (9.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of colombia

With a near-perfect rising local weather, Colombia is among the world’s most interesting coffee-growing international locations. The temperature hardly ever falls beneath freezing, they get a ton of rain, and the nation is cut up down the center by the Andes Mountains with 16 energetic or extinct volcanoes inside the nation’s borders.

Colombia’s espresso business is so well-developed that UNESCO designated the nation’s espresso cultural panorama a World Heritage Website as a result of it’s “an exceptional example of a sustainable and productive cultural landscape that is unique and representative of a tradition that is a strong symbol for coffee growing areas worldwide.”

Colombian espresso is characterised by low acidity with balanced sweetness, usually with caramel notes. Nevertheless, there’s a ton of selection between totally different crops with different delicate notes like cherry, orange, vanilla, chocolate and even cola making their method into your cup.

4. Indonesia

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, woody
Manufacturing 1.5 billion lbs (7.4% world manufacturing)
Varieties 24% Arabica, 75% Robusta, 1% Liberica
flag of indonesia

One other mountainous, volcanic nation, it’s possible you’ll love Indonesian espresso however not even realize it. That’s as a result of most of the island nation’s high-quality roasts are branded for the areas from which they arrive:

  • Bali
  • Sumatra
  • Sulawesi
  • Java
  • Timor
  • Papua

Sumatra espresso is very noteworthy, and a high-quality Sumatra Mandheling could be curiously advanced with notes of tobacco, cocoa, smoke, cedar, and a touch of earthiness.

Sulawesi espresso is one other value noting, grown in small, high-altitude farms leading to a cleaner but spicier cup.

A lot of Indonesia’s espresso is moist processed, which means the espresso cherry’s pulp is faraway from the bean earlier than it’s dried. This leaves a moist, gooey residue on the skin of the bean earlier than they’re allowed to take a seat and barely ferment within the warmth of the day. The ensuing espresso is brilliant with a lightweight but fascinating acidity that mixes with the deep earthy flavors of this nation’s beans to create a very advanced cup.

Learn extra about Indonesian espresso beans in our espresso close-up.

5. Ethiopia

Area East Africa
Profile Blueberry, citrus, floral
Manufacturing 847 million lbs (4.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 54% Arabica, 46% Robusta, 0% Liberica
ethiopia flag

The birthplace of espresso, my favourite roasts come from Ethiopia. Their beans are both moist or dry processed with every methodology altering the bean’s taste considerably. Moist processed espresso is lighter and lemony whereas dry processed espresso is richer and rather more advanced, usually with sturdy notes of berries and citrus.

Ethiopian Yirgacheffe is very prized for it’s clear, balanced, and delicate taste profile with hints of berries, nuts, chocolate, lemon, and wine.

The Sidamo area is thought for medium-bodied roasts with sturdy blueberry flavors blended with delicate nuttiness.

Guji is one other main area that moist processes their beans bringing out notes of tangerine, lychee, and strawberry with sturdy acidity.

However my favourite Ethiopian coffees come from the Harrar area. Espresso from this area is dry processed and has sturdy wine-like traits with advanced fruit flavors and a wealthy physique. It’s a very savory cup.

Whatever the area, the pure sweetness of Ethiopian coffees make them finest loved with out added sweeteners, they usually make particularly good espresso beans.

Learn extra about Ethiopian espresso beans in our espresso close-up.

6. Honduras

Area Central America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 767 million lbs (3.9% world manufacturing)
Varieties 91% Arabica, 9% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of honduras

Range is what makes Honduran espresso particular. Although the nation is small, it has six distinct coffee-growing areas:

  • Copan
  • Opalaca
  • Montecillos
  • Comayugua
  • El Paraiso
  • Agalta

These areas span each the lowlands and highlands, permitting Honduran espresso to be graded by the elevation at which it was grown:

  • Strictly Gigh Grown: Over 4,400 ft above sea degree
  • Excessive Grown: 3,900-4,400 ft above sea degree
  • Central Customary: Under 3,900 ft above sea degree

Copan is essentially the most well-known area, producing candy coffees with sturdy chocolate, caramel, and citrus flavors. Nevertheless, different areas produce a lot fruitier cups.

Opalaca is a better altitude area identified for producing coffees with strong mango notes, sturdy acidity, and brilliant aromas.

Montecillos is increased nonetheless with cool evenings that enable the beans to ripen extra slowly. This introduces sweeter flavors, and beans from this area are identified for his or her candy stonefruit notes.

Learn extra about Honduran espresso beans in our espresso close-up.

7. India

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, spicy, clove
Manufacturing 767 million lbs (3.9% world manufacturing)
Varieties 28% Arabica, 72% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of india

India grows each Arabica and Robusta beans with Robusta having a robust edge. Indian espresso runs the gamut from spectacular full-bodied roasts like Indian Mysore to boring beans finest suited to immediate.

Most Indian Arabica espresso tastes like Indonesian espresso and is closely influenced by the monsoon rains. In actual fact, many farms course of their beans by leaving them uncovered to the moist and windy monsoon situations–a course of creatively known as monsooning–which permits the beans to sweeten whereas slicing their acidity.

The espresso crop is usually interspersed with cardamom, nutmeg, and clove, giving the espresso hints of those spices.

8. Uganda

Area East Africa
Profile Earthy, floral, savory
Manufacturing 635 million lbs (3.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 11% Arabica, 89% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of uganda

When most individuals consider main espresso producing international locations, they don’t consider Uganda. Nevertheless, espresso makes up practically 30% of Uganda’s annual international commerce earnings. The nation really is among the birthplaces of Robusta espresso however has turn into a serious producer of high quality Arabicas.

Bugisu espresso from japanese Uganda is grown round Mount Elgon, an extinct volcano on the border of Kenya, and processed utilizing the moist methodology. Within the west, farms within the Rwenzori mountains develop and course of their beans utilizing the dry methodology, creating what was traditionally known as DRUGAR, quick for dried Uganda Arabica.

Robusta continues to be grown within the nation’s central lowlands.

Whereas a lot of Uganda’s espresso manufacturing yields low-grade industrial beans, small lot farmers have been recognizing their nation’s advantageous coffee-growing geography and making a push to up their high quality. The flavour profile varies relying on whether or not you strive japanese washed espresso or DRUGAR, however Ugandan espresso has a easy mouthfeel with hints of stonefruit and berries, like many African coffees.

9. Mexico

Area Central America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 516 million lbs (2.6% world manufacturing)
Varieties 96% Arabica, 4% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of mexico

A large nation unfold out across the Tropic of Most cancers with endlessly diverse landscapes from scorched deserts to snow-capped peaks, it is sensible Mexico lands within the prime 10 coffee-producing international locations.

Mexican espresso comes from 4 rising areas with about 40% of all espresso produced categorized as high-altitude espresso:

  • Chiapas
  • Veracruz
  • Oaxaca
  • Puebla

Chiapas and Oaxaca are the high-altitude areas and produce Altura espresso, which is Spanish of “high grown.” It’s distinctively light-bodied with delicate nuttiness, however the particular notes depend upon the area. Chiapas is alongside the Mexico-Guatemala border and shares most of the identical traits as a fantastic Guatemalan roast, which has rather more worldwide notoriety than its Mexican counterpart. Espresso from Chiapas usually is bought underneath the identify Tapachula.

Whereas there are some Mexican single-origin coffees, most beans grown are utilized in blends and bought to Europe, making high quality Mexican Arabicas tougher to search out within the States.

10. Guatemala

Area Central America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 450 million lbs (2.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 98% Arabica, 2% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of guatemala

Guatemala’s inhabitants is simply 13% of Mexico’s and their land is simply 5.5% as massive, but they produce practically as a lot espresso as their bigger northern counterpart. In actual fact, per capita Guatemala produces 670% extra espresso than Mexico.

Whereas Mexico’s southern areas have the right rising situations, practically all of Guatemala is seemingly designed to develop nice espresso. There are eight distinct areas that produce the nation’s Arabica-heavy beans:

  • Antigua
  • Acatenango Valley
  • Huehuetenango
  • Coban
  • Nueva Oriente
  • Fraijanes Plateau
  • Atitlan
  • San Marcos

Antigua produces essentially the most famend Guatemalan coffees with its near-perfect rising situations: volcanic soil with low humidity and plenty of solar but cool nights to permit the beans to ripen slowly and develop sweeter flavors. Antigua really is surrounded by three volcanoes, together with one of many nation’s three energetic volcanoes, Fuego.

Huehuetenango is the best and driest rising area and lacks energetic volcanic exercise, making it distinct from the opposite seven areas in Guatemala. Coffees grown right here usually are processed in small lot farms. Meaning consideration to element and a rare cup with notes of orange, milk chocolate, and maple and a richer mouthfeel.

San Marcos is the warmest and wettest rising area, producing coffees that modify enormously from the others, particularly Huehuetenango. This area is called “the place where volcanoes awake” and is the place you’ll discover the best volcano in Central America, Tajumulco. The wet season extends from April by means of November, which causes the beans to ripen rapidly. Mixed with the wealthy, volcanic soil, espresso from San Marcos tends to be very acidic. Moist processing cuts the acidity and helps the bean develop sweeter flavors to spherical out the roast.

A geographically various nation, it’s no shock Guatemala produces a number of the finest specialty coffees on the earth.

11. Peru

Area South America
Profile Nutty, vanilla
Manufacturing 424 million lbs (2.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 94% Arabica, 6% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of peru

Espresso historical past is robust in Peru…and engaging. Within the 1800s, Europe bought most of its espresso from Asia, however espresso rust decimated Asian espresso crops and compelled European patrons to look elsewhere. Then, England accepted coffee-growing land in Peru as compensation for a defaulted mortgage, which helped ramp up espresso manufacturing.

Peru is mountainous because the Andes run straight by means of the nation. That provides them each lowland and highland rising areas, creating all kinds of espresso bean high quality. As traditional, nonetheless, it’s the high-altitude beans that folks crave.

Unsurprisingly, the Andes Mountains have had a serious affect on Peru; they make it difficult for the nation to develop a robust infrastructure system. Lots of Peru’s farms are small with poor provide chains, inflicting improvement teams to put money into the nation and resulting in a robust Truthful Commerce presence.

Peruvian espresso is medium-bodied with delicate acidity with the attribute nuttiness of most Central and South American coffees.

12. Nicaragua

Area Central America
Profile Tobacco
Manufacturing 291 million lbs (1.5% world manufacturing)
Varieties 98% Arabica, 2% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of nicaragua

Nicaragua was a serious espresso producer up till the 1970s when pure disasters and political strife disrupted their thriving espresso business. Solely lately have they begun to re-establish themselves among the many world’s espresso elites.

Sandwiched between Honduras and Costa Rica close to the underside of Central America, Nicaragua sits on a slender strip of land simply 300 miles extensive with the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. There are three distinct rising areas:

Nicaragua is also house to the most important espresso bean on the earth: Maragogipe or elephant beans. These beans are practically double the dimensions of typical Arabica beans and the vegetation can face up to cooler temperatures at decrease elevations. Sadly, Maragogipe vegetation have low yields, which doesn’t make them appropriate for mass manufacturing, and are difficult to roast as a result of their massive pore sizes. The beans they produce are extremely variable relying on the soil and myriad different components, usually producing a skinny, mediocre cup.

However don’t decide Peruvian espresso based mostly simply off Maragogipe. Most beans grown within the nation are comparatively high-quality and produce coffees which might be medium-bodied with brilliant citrus notes that typically resemble high quality African Arabicas as a substitute of the nuttiness widespread amongst their geographical neighbors.

13. China

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, balanced
Manufacturing 258 million lbs (1.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 99% Arabica, 1% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of china

The Chinese language don’t drink a ton of espresso (although they’re trending up) however once they do it tends to be lower-grade and/or immediate. Nonetheless, the nation is a big producer of Arabica, which it exports to Europe.

A lot of this espresso is grown within the Yunnan province in southern China however general it’s missing in high quality. An article by Good Each day Grind explains there are two causes for this:

  • Processing points
  • A lot of the highly-prized farmland is dedicated to tea

If Chinese language residents ever develop the style for high-quality Arabicas, then the nation could make investments extra sources in espresso manufacturing, which might have a huge effect on the complete business given the nation’s sheer dimension. For now, most Chinese language-grown espresso finds its method into blends as a way of maintaining prices low.

14. Cote d’Ivoire

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 238 million lbs (1.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of cote d'ivoire

For a small nation, Cote d’Ivoire is a comparatively strong espresso producer. They usually intention to be even bigger. However Cote d’Ivoire lacks the geography required to supply high-quality Arabicas as a lot of the nation sits at 2,500 ft or decrease, a lot of it simply above sea degree. This implies they’re restricted to rising Robusta, which is prized extra for its hardiness and excessive caffeine content material than its taste.

Nevertheless, Cote d’Ivoire additionally grows an Arabica-Robusta hybrid known as Arabusta (intelligent, huh?). It’s an Arabica bean with a number of the genetic properties of robusta that make it hardier in low-elevation climates. Sadly, Arabusta vegetation develop slowly, although they’ve an extended lifespan and style higher than Robusta, and fetch as much as 4 instances the value of Robusta beans at native grocery shops.

15. United States

Area North America
Profile Earthy, woody
Manufacturing 234 million lbs (1.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of the united states

Solely two US states develop espresso commercially: Hawaii and California.

We’ll begin with Hawaii as a result of they’re well-known for the Kona bean, which you’ve undoubtedly heard of. Kona espresso is grown on the western coast of Hawaii’s Large Island on the slopes of two energetic volcanoes: Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa. Like different elite coffee-growing areas, Kona provides excessive elevations and loads of rain and solar, however Kona additionally has near-permanent cloud cowl shielding the espresso vegetation from damaging direct sunshine. The ensuing espresso is nice with hints of berry and lemon, although there’s a shocking quantity of variation between the numerous tightly-packed farms.

And Kona isn’t the one coffee-growing area in Hawaii. Nearly each island produces its personal distinct espresso. Kauai and Molokai each produce coffees that are a lot mellower and smoother than a standard Kona bean.

California has begun rising espresso commercially as nicely, although the amount is way smaller than Hawaii.

16. Costa Rica

Area Central America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 197 million lbs (1.0% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of costa rica

Costa Rica will not be among the many prime espresso producers by sheer quantity, however it yields extra espresso per hectare than practically every other nation and thrice what Mexico produces per hectare. It was additionally the primary Central American nation to develop espresso commercially and has a number of the most distinct beans on the earth.

Costa Rica has eight distinct rising areas:

  • Tarrazu
  • Central Valley
  • Tres Rios
  • Turrialba
  • Brunca
  • Guanacaste
  • Orosi
  • West Valley

Like most different main producers, every area has its personal tasting notes.

Tarrazu is among the most well-known coffee-growing areas on the earth. Beans grown listed below are mild and clear but exceptionally aromatic. Regardless of the amazingly high-quality espresso grown right here, this area hasn’t gained the notoriety that different areas have, resembling Hawaii’s Kona area.

Central Valley produces balanced beans with fruity flavors, hints of chocolate, and honey-like sweetness.

Tres Rios, often known as the Bordeaux of Costa Rica is a volcanic area that produces roasts with extra acidity.

Brunca is humid and tropical, producing coffees which might be advanced and citrusy, a few of that are extraordinarily candy.

17. Kenya

Area East Africa
Profile Dried fruit, raisin
Manufacturing 110 million lbs (0.6% world manufacturing)
Varieties 90% Arabica, 10% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of kenya

With its wealthy, purple volcanic soil, Kenya is a primary coffee-growing nation. Their beans are moist processed, making them sweeter, and ceaselessly have win-like traits with citrusy acidity.

Kenya additionally has a strict grading system based mostly on the bean’s dimension, coloration, form, and density. There are eight whole grades starting from Kenya MH/ML on the low finish to highly-coveted Kenya AA and Kenya Peaberry coffees.

Kenyan espresso is most just like Ethiopian espresso, which is my private favourite.

Learn extra about Kenyan espresso beans in our espresso close-up.

18. Papua New Guinea

Area Oceania
Profile Chocolate, tropical, citrus
Manufacturing 106 million lbs (0.5% world manufacturing)
Varieties 94% Arabica, 6% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of papua new guinea

Papua New Guinea shares the island of Papua with Indonesia. It’s a culturally various nation with over 800 languages spoken among the many native tribes, a lot of which have a historical past of battle. This inside strife has made it onerous for the espresso business to search out consistency among the many many small lot farms, although 40% of the inhabitants earns its revenue from the espresso.

Although Papua New Guinea shares Papua with Indonesia, their coffees are quite dissimilar. Whereas Indonesian espresso is earthy and spicy, Papua New Guinea’s espresso is extra tropical and citrusy with notes of chocolate.

19. Tanzania

Area East Africa
Profile Fruity, berry, cedar
Manufacturing 106 million lbs (0.5% world manufacturing)
Varieties 70% Arabica, 30% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of tanzania

Espresso is Tanzania’s largest exported crop with 9 distinct rising areas, solely one in every of which grows Robusta: Bukoba on the northern border close to Lake Victoria. Like most East African coffees, Tanzania’s espresso is brilliant and citrusy, just like each Kenya and Ethiopia. Nevertheless, Tanzania’s espresso hasn’t reached the famend ranges of both Kenya or Ethiopia as a result of the crop is extra inconsistent.

Nevertheless, there’s one massive exception: Tanzania Peaberry.

Grown on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru at over 4,500 ft elevation, Tanzania Peaberry is like different peaberry coffees world wide, however Tanzania particularly is among the most well-known peaberry beans.

A typical espresso cherry produces two half-moon formed beans, however peaberry espresso is the results of a pure mutation that produces one spherical bean contained in the cherry. This happens with about 5% of cherries and nobody is aware of precisely why it occurs. Peaberry is usually thought to be having a superior taste for 2 causes:

  • Extra concentrated improvement in a single bean as a substitute of two
  • Their spherical form roasts extra evenly

For those who’ve ever wished to strive peaberry espresso, begin with Tanzania.

20. El Salvador

Area Central America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 101 million lbs (0.5% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of el salvador

El Salvador was the fourth-largest espresso producer on the earth as lately because the 1970s (though that’s 50 years in the past now…) however misplaced its place among the many elites for 2 causes:

  • Smaller whole space than different coffee-growing international locations
  • Intense political strife culminating in a civil conflict from 1979-1992 that broke up most of the nation’s bigger agricultural estates

Regardless of being a small nation, El Salvador has seven distinct coffee-growing areas:

  • Apaneca-Ilamatepec Mountain Vary
  • Central Belt Mountain Vary
  • Tecapa-Chinchontepec Mountain Vary
  • Cacahuatique Mountain Vary
  • Nahuaterique Mountain Vary
  • Alotepeque-Metapan
  • Chinchontepec Volcano

The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Mountain Vary is the nation’s most well-known area with peaks rising over 7,000 ft close to the Santa Ana volcano. This area has a lot of the nation’s bigger farms.

The opposite areas all have distinct altitudes, soils, and precipitation, which makes them agriculturally distinctive. Nevertheless, El Salvador as a complete is distinct from the remainder of Central America for producing the Bourbon number of Arabica espresso, which yields a cleaner, brighter cup.

21. Ecuador

Area South America
Profile Floral, fruity, creamy
Manufacturing 92 million lbs (0.5% world manufacturing)
Varieties 55% Arabica, 45% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of ecuador

Ecuadorian espresso primarily is grown on small lot farms with Arabica produced in hilly areas, resembling close to the Andes within the west, whereas Robusta thrives within the decrease northern area. Round 12% of Ecuador’s farmers depend upon espresso for his or her livelihood.

Their Arabica espresso has a medium physique and average sweetness with fruity notes and light-weight creaminess. Their Robustas are extra advanced than your typical Robusta beans with much less earthiness and extra steadiness.

And whereas not a espresso truth, do you know Ecuador has one-sixth of the world’s chicken species and twice the variety of plant and animal species of the US and Canada mixed. Not unhealthy for a rustic the dimensions of Colorado.

22. Cameroon

Area Central Africa
Profile Chocolate, mellow
Manufacturing 75 million lbs (0.4% world manufacturing)
Varieties 20% Arabica, 80% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of cameroon

Cameroon’s espresso business started in 1884 through the German colonial period when the Germans started testing the nation’s coffee-growing capabilities. Right now, espresso is grown in seven areas in Cameroon with Robusta holding the 80/20 manufacturing edge:

  • West
  • Northwest
  • Littoral
  • Southwest
  • South
  • Heart
  • East

Solely 5% of the espresso produced in Cameroon is roasted within the nation, making inexperienced espresso beans one in every of their chief exports. Cameroonian espresso is extra flavorful than many different international locations’ beans in sub-Saharan Africa, providing mellow chocolate notes amongst Arabica varieties.

23. Laos

Area Asia
Profile Citrus, floral, chocolate
Manufacturing 69 million lbs (0.4% world manufacturing)
Varieties 15% Arabica, 85% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of laos

Espresso manufacturing in Laos started in 1915 when French colonists experimented with planting espresso throughout the nation. They discovered the Bolaven Plateau in Paksong, positioned on the southern tip of Laos close to Cambodia, to be the most effective area for manufacturing.

Robusta is the chief espresso plant grown in Laos, however right here it’s grown at increased elevations usually reserved for Arabica. The Laotian authorities has been working with farmers for the final 20 years to plant extra Arabica vegetation as a result of Arabica sells for a better value on the worldwide market.

24. Madagascar

Area East Africa
Profile Bourbon, bitter
Manufacturing 69 million lbs (0.4% world manufacturing)
Varieties 2% Arabica, 98% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of madagascar

Like Laos, French colonists are accountable for introducing espresso to Madagascar. Nevertheless, this introduction occurred a number of many years sooner than in Laos. It turned a serious crop for the nation after Madagascar declared its independence in 1960, shifting the nation as much as the eighth on the listing of prime espresso exporters on the earth.

However then espresso manufacturing plummeted with solely 12% of all crops being exported. As an alternative, most farming is about subsistence with surpluses being bought at native markets.

Most espresso grown in Madagascar is Robusta, although some Arabica thrives within the high-altitude areas in central and northern Madagascar.

25. Gabon

Area Central Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 66 million lbs (0.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of gabon

Gabon is a small sub-Saharan nation of 1.5 million those who grows solely Robusta espresso commercially. A lot of Gabon’s nationwide focus has been on growing the nation’s oil and mineral manufacturing, which has left espresso as an underfunded industrial crop, leading to lower-quality coffees earmarked for fast.

26. Thailand

Area Asia
Profile Citrus, easy
Manufacturing 66 million lbs (0.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 1% Arabica, 99% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of thailand

Espresso manufacturing in Thailand started as lately because the 1970s when King Bhumibol Adulyadej started an effort to modify farmers to crops like espresso as a substitute of opium. Arabica is grown in northern Thailand, a area often called the Golden Triangle, with different areas specializing in Robusta.

That doesn’t imply the espresso business in Thailand is all low-quality beans. Some farms, just like the Nacha farm at practically 5,000 ft in Chiang Mai, use a painstaking strategy of handpicking solely ripe cherries from their small lot Arabica farm. The result’s a espresso that received the 2007 Lengthy Seashore Specialty Espresso Affiliation of America’s title for “Best Asia Coffee.”

27. Venezuela

Area South America
Profile Candy, wealthy, balanced
Manufacturing 66 million lbs (0.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 98% Arabica, 2% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of venezuela

One of many world’s strongest economies within the 1980s, Venezuela has had a tough go of issues over the past 40 years. The nation used to rival Colombia for espresso manufacturing however now makes up simply 0.3% of world manufacturing with most of that espresso staying inside the nation’s borders.

The most effective Venezuelan espresso comes from the western area of the nation, known as Maracaibos, which borders Colombia. This space has a wealthy volcanic historical past, producing coffees which might be wealthy with pleasing acidity and light-weight sweetness. Espresso is also grown within the japanese a part of Venezuela and has a softer extra tropical or Caribbean profile.

28. Dominican Republic

Area Caribbean
Profile Earthy, creamy
Manufacturing 53 million lbs (0.3% world manufacturing)
Varieties 99% Arabica, 1% Robusta, 0% Liberica

Espresso has been the first crop amongst small lot farmers within the Dominican Republic since 1715 when it was launched by Spanish colonists. The nation has a lush, tropical, mountainous panorama stretching to five,000 ft excessive that makes it good for Arabica.

There are six main coffee-growing areas on this small island nation:

  • Cibao Valley
  • Bani
  • Azua
  • San Jose de Ocoa
  • Barahona
  • Juncalito

The Cibao Valley within the north produces coffees with a full physique and delicate earthiness.

San Jose de Ocoa produces sturdy Sturdy espresso whereas Barahona and Juncatilo have regular climates that produce balanced, fruitier coffees.

29. Haiti

Area Caribbean
Profile Candy, easy
Manufacturing 46 million lbs (0.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of haiti

The western nation on the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the Dominican Republic, espresso was additionally launched to Haiti by Spanish colonists in 1715. At one level Haiti was the highest espresso producer on the earth, making up over half of the worldwide market, however at the moment they make up simply 0.2% of world manufacturing with each mango and cocoa having extra export worth for the nation.

Haiti is essentially the most mountainous Caribbean nation, which makes it very best for rising espresso. Most Haitian espresso is natural, although it will not be Licensed Natural, and is processed utilizing the dry methodology. This leads to a mellow bean that’s easy and barely candy with naturally low acidity.

30. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Area Central Africa
Profile Citrus, dried fruit
Manufacturing 44 million lbs (0.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 21% Arabica, 79% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of democratic republic of the congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a war-torn nation that, sadly, is finest identified for its instability and poverty regardless of being one of the vital resource-rich nations in Africa. These sources embody fertile farming lands that give the DRC the potential to be one in every of Africa’s prime espresso producers.

As an alternative, they produce practically 20 instances much less espresso than Ethiopia.

Whereas many cooperatives have are available to assist market the DRC’s espresso to worldwide patrons, farmers say they’re having a tough time incomes a dwelling by rising espresso. One farmer tore up her espresso vegetation to develop bananas as a substitute.

Nonetheless, there’s high-quality espresso to be discovered within the DRC. Robusta makes up the vast majority of the manufacturing, however the DRC does develop brilliant, citrusy Arabica beans if yow will discover them.

31. Rwanda

Area East Africa
Profile Dried fruit, spicy
Manufacturing 33 million lbs (0.2% world manufacturing)
Varieties 97% Arabica, 3% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of rwanda

Espresso got here to Rwanda early within the 1900s by German colonists however didn’t start to take off till after World Battle II. Whereas small, Rwanda is a hilly nation with many small lot farms as excessive as 6,500 ft above sea degree. This makes it a great rising local weather for Arabica, particularly Bourbon.

Rwandan espresso historically is moist processed for extra advanced, sweeter flavors. You’ll discover brilliant, citrusy notes with average acidity and a few spice, usually with a wealthy end

32. Burundi

Area East Africa
Profile Dried fruit, citrus, blueberry
Manufacturing 26 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 96% Arabica, 4% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of burundi

East Africa is house to a number of the world’s favourite coffees (mine included) and Burundi isn’t any exception. The nation has wealthy, volcanic soil and will get loads of rainfall, giving it a great rising local weather, particularly within the heart, north, and east areas of the nation. In actual fact, there are 5 predominant rising areas:

  • Buyenzi
  • Kirundo
  • Muyinga
  • Gitega
  • Bubanza

Buyenzi produces the nation’s finest coffees and has two sub-regions: Kayanza and Ngozi. Elevations listed below are upwards of 6,000 ft and produce coffees with citrus notes and excessive acidity.

Usually, espresso grown in Burundi is clear and brilliant because of their use of Kenyan double washed processing with citrus and blueberry notes. A number of the nation’s highest-altitude coffees, grown as excessive as 7,500 ft above sea degree, may have extra fruity, floral, and honey-like flavors.

33. Philippines

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 26 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 9% Arabica, 90% Robusta, 1% Liberica
flag of philippines

The Philippines is one in every of only a handful of counties that produce all 4 sorts of espresso, together with one not listed within the desk above: Excelsa. They’re ready to do that due to a various panorama that has each lowland and highland areas.

Espresso got here to the Philippines in 1740 from a Spanish monk, and by the late 1800s the nation was among the many world’s main producers. Then catastrophe struck when espresso rust destroyed most of Asia’s crops, paving the way in which for Central and South America to dominate the worldwide espresso market.

Right now, most espresso grown within the Philippines is Robusta and suited to blends to maintain prices low.

34. Togo

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 26 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 1% Arabica, 99% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of togo

Togo is a tropical sub-Saharan nation that grows primarily Robusta espresso for export. All espresso grown in Togo is exported, and low makes up 10% of the nation’s whole exports. The espresso grown right here is typical of the Robusta selection: earthy and bitter.

35. Guinea

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 21 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of guinea

Guinea is a small nation in West Africa that solely grows Robusta espresso and has a serious Robusta-growing area: Macenta.

Macenta has been producing espresso for the reason that 1800s, powering what was a formidable coffee-growing business within the nation till the 1960s. Although Robusta espresso is usually thought-about inferior to Arabica, Macenta-grown Robusta is among the many extra coveted Robusta beans on the earth as a result of its smoother profile.

36. Malaysia

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, woody
Manufacturing 21 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 1% Arabica, 4% Robusta, 95% Liberica
flag of malaysia

Malaysia is the world’s main producer of Liberica, which makes up round 2% of the worldwide espresso manufacturing and 95% of Malaysia’s. Liberica used to make up a a lot bigger share of world manufacturing, however it lacks the fascinating taste profile of Arabica with decrease yields than each Arabica and Robusta.

Why does Malaysia produce a lot Liberica? They don’t have the elevation or soil drainage to develop Arabica, and Liberica is taken into account a greater bean flavor-wise than Robusta with just a few favorable tasting notes like a satisfying smokiness that Robusta simply doesn’t have.

37. Yemen

Area Center East
Profile Chocolate, sandalwood, nutmeg, spice, berry
Manufacturing 16 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica

A Center Japanese coffee-growing nation? You wager. Yemen has a robust historical past of manufacturing a number of the world’s most distinct coffees together with the naturally chocolatey mocha bean that sells for as much as $240 per pound. Sadly, the standard of Yemenese espresso has been inconsistent in recent times.

Yemen really has an important place in espresso’s historical past; 90% of all vegetation hint their roots (pun supposed) again to Yemen with many phrases like Arabica having their very own roots within the Center East.

38. Burma

Area Asia
Profile Grape, apple, sandalwood, spicy
Manufacturing 15 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 80% Arabica, 20% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of burma myanmar

Burma’s 15 million kilos of annual espresso manufacturing barely suggestions the scales globally, however the nation is placing up some significantly spectacular high quality scores which might be garnering worldwide acclaim. It’s a current improvement, too, as the primary specialty coffees ever to turn into accessible within the Western world hit the markets in 2016.

These spectacular coffees come from the Mya Ze Di area of Burma that isn’t tourist-friendly. In actual fact, the entire nation has been powerful for Western vacationers to expertise because the nation solely got here out of political isolation in 2011.

Nevertheless, financial improvement and democracy have bloomed, similar to their new world-class coffees, portray a brilliant image for the way forward for Burmese espresso.

39. Cuba

Area Caribbean
Profile Earthy, bitter, tobacco
Manufacturing 13 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 95% Arabica, 5% Robusta, 0% Liberica

The japanese a part of Cuba is house to the Sierra Maestra Mountains, a area identified for producing hand-picked Arabicas picked to make sure the very best quality. Espresso is also grown additional west within the Escambray Mountains.

Sadly, espresso manufacturing in Cuba is inconsistent as a result of heavy rain and flooding through the moist season in addition to poor infrastructure that inhibits transportation.

40. Panama

Area Central America
Profile Floral, honeysuckle, bergamot
Manufacturing 13 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 82% Arabica, 18% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of panama

Panama’s finest rising area is the Chiriqui highlands on the western coast at an elevation of as much as 3,500 ft. These coffees are aromatic and floral with delicate acidity and are the most effective Panama has to supply. The nation additionally produces some Robusta in decrease areas, although general espresso manufacturing is low.

41. Sri Lanka

Area Asia
Profile Wealthy, chocolate
Manufacturing 12 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 50% Arabica, 50% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of sri lanka

Identified finest for Ceylon tea, Sri Lanka has wealthy soil that’s nice for rising espresso. Manufacturing is cut up practically 50/50 between Arabica and Robusta, and general manufacturing is low largely because of the nation’s love of tea regardless of the primary espresso vegetation arriving in 1824.

Espresso really was Sri Lanka’s main crop, extra so even than tea, till the 1870s when illness worn out a lot of Asia’s espresso crops.

Nevertheless, espresso is experiencing a surge in recognition and manufacturing is growing.

42. Bolivia

Area South America
Profile Candy, fruity, brilliant
Manufacturing 12 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 95% Arabica, 5% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of bolivia

Bolivia is a Central American nation about thrice the dimensions of Montana with two ranges of the Andes Mountains inside its borders. This offers the nation three distinct areas:

  • Mountain areas
  • Semitropical mountain slopes
  • Tropical lowlands

Of those three, its the semitropical slopes that produce 95% of Bolivia’s espresso, which is overwhelmingly Arabica.

Like many different nations with very best but difficult geographies, Bolivia has poor infrastructure that makes post-harvest high quality management a problem. Whereas this relegated the nation to being an afterthought in blends, more and more we’re seeing increased high quality Bolivian espresso beans hitting the market.

43. Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Area Asia
Profile Sturdy, citrus
Manufacturing 10 million lbs (0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 80% Arabica, 20% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of timor leste

A tiny island nation located between Indonesia and Australia, Timor-Leste, often known as East Timor, is house to 1.Three million folks–in regards to the inhabitants of Hawaii. Regardless of producing simply 10 million kilos of espresso every year, it’s really the nation’s chief export.

The 1980s and 1990s noticed Timor-Leste wage a bloody conflict with Indonesia to retain their independence. Following the conflict, worldwide organizations helped the small nation get its espresso business again up and working.

One among Timor-Leste’s biggest contributions to the world of espresso is the Hybrido de Timor, a cross between Arabica and Robusta that has most of the favorable flavors of Arabica with the espresso rust-resistance of Robusta. This hybrid was crossed with Caturra, an Arabica varietal, to create Catimor espresso, which is also proof against espresso rust.

Timor-Leste’s coffees come from small lot farms and are moist processed, producing beans which might be candy with delicate acidity and earthy flavors that vary from barely pleasing to overpoweringly pungent.

44. Puerto Rico

Area Caribbean
Profile Wealthy, candy
Manufacturing 10 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of puerto rico

Puerto Rico was among the many world leaders in espresso manufacturing till it was annexed by the USA in 1898 after which manufacturing started to fall in favor of sugar cane. Nevertheless, espresso has made a comeback as Puerto Rico now produces 10 million kilos yearly, most of which is grown round 2,500 ft in elevation within the municipalities of San Sebastian, Lares, and Las Marias within the central and northwest elements of the nation.

About one-third of all espresso grown in Puerto Rico is consumed domestically with the rest exported. Puerto Rican espresso is thought to be easy and comparatively candy.

45. Equatorial Guinea

Area Central Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 9.Four million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of equatorial guinea

Equatorial Guinea is a small nation sandwiched between Cameroon to the north and Gabon to the south and has related espresso manufacturing to most West African international locations: virtually all Robusta.

Whereas espresso manufacturing in Equatorial Guinea has by no means been large, it actually was increased earlier than years of governmental mismanagement underneath authoritarian rule led to declines in each high quality and amount of the espresso grown.

46. Central African Republic

Area Central Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 8.6 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of central african republic

Espresso manufacturing within the Central African Republic peaked within the early 1990s and has fallen by 75% within the 30 years since. Whereas the nation does have some areas with elevations above 3,500 ft, they’re a wholly landlocked nation that produces solely Robusta espresso for export.

47. Nigeria

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 5.Three million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of nigeria

Espresso manufacturing has been in decline in Nigeria and it doesn’t present indicators of stopping as the present crop of bushes is approaching the tip of their fruit-bearing years and farmers lack the experience wanted to maintain crops thriving.

At this level, Nigerian espresso solely is a commodity-grade export with little hope for improved high quality or amount within the short-term.

48. Ghana

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 4.9 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of ghana

Ghana is the world’s second-largest cocoa producer however ranks simply 48th in espresso manufacturing. That appears unlikely to vary a lot as Ghana’s local weather and topography–the best level is simply over 1,200 ft above sea degree–exclude it from rising Arabicas. Nevertheless, Ghana does develop practically 5 million kilos of espresso every year, a lot of which is exported as inexperienced espresso.

49. Sierra Leone

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 4.Eight million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of sierra leone

Most know Sierra Leone finest for the violent civil conflict that tore the nation aside from 1991-2002. This conflict destroyed many agricultural industries within the nation as farmers had been displaced and crops perished, and low manufacturing within the nation has but to be revived.

50. Angola

Area Central Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 4.6 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of angola

Espresso is one in every of Angola’s largest agricultural exports, although the nation is much from its heyday as a top-five world producer. As is usually the case, the nation’s combat for independence from Portuguese rule from 1961-1974 and subsequent civil wars destroyed a lot of their agriculture and infrastructure.

Nevertheless, efforts have begun to revive the nation’s espresso business with Cazengo Espresso lately importing the primary Angolan espresso to the USA in 40 years.

51. Nepal

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, spicy, clove
Manufacturing 3.5 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of nepal

Nepal produces comparatively little espresso and consumes about half of it domestically, which means little or no Nepalese espresso hits the worldwide market. Nevertheless, which will change because the mountainous nation works to enhance each their rising and processing strategies.

Presently, manufacturing is solely the higher-value Arabica plant with extra being planted yearly. As soon as harvested, Nepalese espresso is processed utilizing the semi-washed methodology that’s a hybrid of each the moist and dry strategies, creating a novel taste profile that’s each brilliant and clear but has extra physique than your typical moist processed bean.

52. Jamaica

Area Caribbean
Profile Fruity, chocolate, creamy
Manufacturing 2.Eight million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica

Jamaica doesn’t produce a lot espresso however they do produce one of the vital coveted beans on the earth: Jamaican Blue Mountain.

Grown within the Blue Mountains of Jamaica at 7,500 ft above sea degree, this high-quality bean comes from the Caribbean’s tallest mountain vary with a price ticket to match. In recognition of how particular this bean is, the Espresso Business Regulation Act provides true Jamaican Blue Mountain espresso a globally-recognized certification to forestall forgeries.

Practically 80% of Jamaican Blue Mountain espresso is exported to Japan with the remainder of the world preventing over the remaining 20%. With low annual yields because of the area’s small dimension, demand is much increased than the availability.

Jamaican Blue Mountain espresso is delicate and easy but exceptionally vibrant with low bitterness and overpoweringly candy and floral aromas.

53. Republic of the Congo

Area Central Africa
Profile Dried fruit, citrus
Manufacturing 2.7 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 20% Arabica, 80% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of republic of the congo

Completely different from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Republic of the Congo is a a lot smaller nation with 5.Three million folks in comparison with the DRC’s 81.Three million. Just like the DRC, manufacturing right here is about 20% Arabica and 80% Robusta with the potential for high-quality, specialty-grade Arabicas with continued work and funding.

54. Paraguay

Area South America
Profile Chocolate, nutty, savory
Manufacturing 2.6 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of paraguay

Paraguay borders Brazil, the world’s largest espresso producer. Unsurprisingly, it’s this area that produces most of Paraguay’s espresso. Although the nation has excessive sufficient elevations to develop Arabica espresso, they prime out round 2,500 ft above sea degree, capping how good these coffees really could be. Moreover, infrastructure and soil high quality points make Paraguay’s espresso mediocre at finest and never well-known internationally.

55. Burkina Faso

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 2.1 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of burkina faso

One other small West African nation, Burkina Faso is landlocked with out important elevations, leaving them to develop commodity-grade Robusta beans.

56. Malawi

Area Central Africa
Profile Dried fruit, raisin, chocolate
Manufacturing 2.1 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of malawi

Malawi isn’t identified by many espresso drinkers for having distinctive espresso, however there’s high quality to be discovered on this Central African nation. Rising virtually solely Arabica and sharing a number of the identical rising situations as famed espresso international locations like Ethiopia and Kenya, Malawi’s espresso is wealthy and flavorful, ceaselessly that includes dried fruit and raisin with candy, chocolatey notes.

57. Taiwan

Area Asia
Profile Fruity, raisins
Manufacturing 1.Eight million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of taiwan

Like many different Asian international locations, espresso consumption and manufacturing are on the rise in Taiwan. Nevertheless, present espresso output is small and far of the consumption is native with much more espresso imported than domestically grown every year to satisfy the demand of Taiwanese espresso drinkers.

58. Mozambique

Area East Africa
Profile Smoky, licorice
Manufacturing 1.7 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 11% Arabica, 88% Robusta, 1% Liberica
flag of mozambique

Mozambique doesn’t develop a lot espresso and grows a better share of Robusta than most of its East African neighbors. The nation does have a wild number of espresso known as Coffea racemosa, in any other case often called Mozambique espresso, that grows nicely on shady mountain slopes round 4,500 ft above sea degree. This Mozambique espresso selection can also be grown in Zimbabwe and South Africa, neither of which is a serious espresso producer.

59. Trinidad and Tobago

Area Caribbean
Profile Fruity, chocolate
Manufacturing 1.6 million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 64% Arabica, 36% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of trinidad and tobago

With each small lot farms and huge espresso estates, Trinidad and Tobago isn’t any stranger to rising espresso. Sadly, current strings of illness and pests have hampered their manufacturing, leaving this Caribbean nation on the skin trying in on the highest 50 espresso producing international locations. Most espresso grown right here is Arabica with the signature fruity and chocolatey notes of different Caribbean coffees.

60. Australia

Area Oceania
Profile Chocolate, nutty
Manufacturing 1.Three million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of australia

Australia is a giant time espresso nation identified extra for roasting and consumption than manufacturing, however they do produce over a million kilos of espresso every year. Many of those espresso varietals are those who develop nicely in Kenya, resembling Catuai, Mundo Novo (a Typica-Bourbon hybrid), and K7.

Australian grown espresso tends to be decrease in caffeine with a signature sweetness and notes of each chocolate and nuts. Some beans are a lot earthier with ash-like flavors that emphasize the muted tropical flavors.

61. Zimbabwe

Area East Africa
Profile Berry, citrus
Manufacturing 1.Three million lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of zimbabwe

Zimbabwe most likely (OK, undoubtedly) isn’t the primary East African nation you consider in the case of espresso. However apparently, this nation has quite a bit to supply by way of profile (although they actually don’t have quite a bit to supply by way of manufacturing).

Zimbabwe espresso tends to be earthier with leather-based or tobacco notes and is exceptionally savory.

Sadly, Zimbabwe has seen its manufacturing drop over the past 20-30 years as farms have been seized and manufacturing prices have been excessive. Nespresso is seeking to revive Zimbabwe’s espresso business, which is a boon for many who take pleasure in making an attempt the signature beans from non-traditional coffee-growing international locations.

62. Cambodia

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 804,460 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of cambodia

Espresso got here to Cambodia on the identical time it arrived in Vietnam and Laos, and at the moment they produce virtually solely Robusta of their largely lower-elevation farmlands.

The Annamite Mountains in Cambodia really run by means of each Vietnam and Laos as nicely and make up the first rising nation in Cambodia’s northern area. Sadly, espresso manufacturing is declining considerably, falling 70% over the past 10-15 years.

63. Liberia

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 793,000 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 95% Robusta, 5% Liberica
flag of liberia

Liberia, Liberica…any relation? You wager. This West African nation was the first producer of Liberica espresso, however that title has since shifted to Malaysia. Right now, Robusta is Liberia’s main espresso crop with virtually all consumption among the many native inhabitants and little or no espresso exported.

64. Zambia

Area East Africa
Profile Candy, fruity, easy
Manufacturing 264,000 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of zambia

Like Zimbabwe, Zambia is an East African nation that grows distinctively scrumptious Arabicas in low quantity. Zambian espresso is characteristically candy and easy with delicate fruity notes.

Initially, espresso was launched to Zambia from each Kenya and Tanzania within the 1980s, which makes Zambia a current coffee-growing nation.

65. South Africa

Area South Africa
Profile Citrus, fruity, blueberry
Manufacturing 210,000 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of south africa

It’s possible you’ll be shocked to be taught that South Africa does certainly develop espresso. It was initially launched to the nation in 1854 with important development coming over the subsequent 15 years. However in 1874, espresso rust decimated the comparatively little espresso that South Africa had, and it could be over 100 years till espresso vegetation returned.

Once we discuss high quality Arabica espresso, altitude is a serious a part of the dialog. However there isn’t something particular about rising espresso at 5,000 ft above sea degree. As an alternative, what’s particular about excessive elevations is each the local weather and temperature. As far south as South Africa, beneath the standard decrease latitude of the Bean Belt, temperatures are naturally decrease and excessive altitudes aren’t required. That’s why South Africa has been profitable in rising Arabica espresso at elevations as little as 600 ft above sea degree.

It’s onerous to get your palms on South African espresso, however in the event you do it’s one thing to savor with notes of blueberry to enrich a well-balanced cup with notable acidity and robust fruity notes.

66. Benin

Area West Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 110,200 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 99% Robusta, 1% Liberica
flag of benin

Whereas Benin’s decrease elevations, which max out round 2,000 ft above sea degree, preclude the small West African nation from rising Arabica, they do develop the opposite three sorts of espresso: Robusta, Liberica, and the lesser-known Excelsa. Like most different West African international locations, together with their neighbors Togo and Nigeria, Benin’s main espresso crop is Robusta.

67. Suriname

Area South America
Profile Chocolate, nutty
Manufacturing 26,448 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 80% Arabica, 20% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of suriname

Espresso arrived in Suriname between 1712-1718 by Dutch colonists. Early espresso plantations had been constructed on the backs of slaves, and the discharge of slaves in 1873 damage agricultural manufacturing because the plantations couldn’t be managed. Of the estimated 200 colonial-era plantations in Suriname, just one survived past the abolition of slavery. This plantation is the key producer of Suriname’s Arabica bean at the moment, which is like many different South American beans.

68. South Sudan

Area North Africa
Profile Earthy, bitter
Manufacturing 18,149 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 0% Arabica, 100% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of south sudan

South Sudan achieved its independence on July 9, 2011 and didn’t produce its first espresso crops till 2015 however there’s potential for this nation to see their espresso exports improve over the subsequent few many years because of worldwide buying companions like Nespresso. For now, South Sudan is a Robusta-only producer, however they do have elevations as excessive as 10,456 ft on Mount Kinyeti. It’s potential Arabica may very well be grown on its slopes.

69. Brunei

Area Asia
Profile Earthy, woody
Manufacturing 4,000 lbs (<0.1% world manufacturing)
Varieties 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica
flag of brunei

A tiny Asian nation on the island of Borneo, Brunei is surrounded by Malaysia and the South China Sea. With a inhabitants of simply 428,000, Brunei’s capability to supply espresso is capped, however what they do produce is nearly solely Arabica (although their neighbor Malaysia is the world chief in Liberica manufacturing).

Like South Sudan, espresso is a brand new business for Brunei with its first beans hitting the market in China simply over two years in the past. This crop is because of a single Brunei farmer, Yong Khian Fook, whose green-skinned orange bushes had been worn out by illness within the early 2000s. Yong says he’s planted about 10,000 espresso vegetation in Brunei, which take up about half of his farm, and he’s able to go all-in on espresso if the nation’s missing infrastructure (processing, transport, and many others.) isn’t an impediment.

About Bryan De Luca

Bryan is former barista and low lover who based The Espresso Maven to write down about all issues espresso and espresso. The Espresso Maven is devoted to offering the proper data, which is why our Purchaser’s Guides and product critiques are among the many net’s finest. We at all times listing the right technical specs and provides easy-to-digest visuals every time potential. There may be a variety of misinformation within the espresso world, and The Espresso Maven prides itself on being essentially the most correct. You’ll be able to observe Bryan on Fb and electronic mail him right here.

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